Who’s Out There?—Focusing On Chemicals3 min read

On the early Earth, marine aerosols could come in two sizes—bacterial and viral—which might have aided the transition from geochemistry to biochemistry, since they are “…energetically capable of asymmetric division.” As reported by D.J.Donaldson. H.Tervahattu and A.F.Tuck (ISSN 1573-0875), such marine aerosols were found to have an exterior film of palmitic, stearic and oleic acids.

EOS.org or October 2017 p. 26 points out that the carbonyl sulfide in a planet’s atmosphere could track photosynthesis, thus suggesting the presence of plant life on exoplanets. More about sniffing atmospheres will be coming when the new telescopes go to work this year.

Science News Sept.2, 2017 reports that the “compound predicted to form membrane-like structures”—vinyl cyanide—is created in Titan’s upper atmosphere and could make flexible bubbles stable in its liquid methane lakes. Such bubbles could act as a shelter for genetic material. Possibly, genes could be made from the carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen detected in the moon’s atmosphere. So far, a vinyl chloride signature has been detected on Titan, but detection of cell-like bubbles would require a probe to sample the moon’s methane seas.

The south pole of Saturn’s moon Enceladus is still putting out more than 1000 geysers containing ammonia and organic compounds, including sodium, water, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and hydrogen. These are the kind of chemicals that suggest the moon could be habitable. The geysers contribute to Saturn’s outermost E ring; Enceladus orbits in the E
ring’s densest area.

The moon Titan was found to have a thick yellow haze, which probably consists of broken methane chains. Nitrogen was found in the atmosphere, as were carbon and hydrogen-rich ions and methane rain, with electrified hydrocarbons on the surface.

The basic chemicals suggesting the presence or possibility of life seem to be everywhere in our solar system, but the chemicals that drive even the most primitive critters on Earth are far larger, more complex, and often more fragile. Though the deep sea vents on Earth seem to be the place where life could have had a chance to organize and reproduce, we
need to remember that it took millions of years of friendly conditions to get that going.

Even then, though it was extremely successful and still is, life on Earth got stuck for a long time as simple bacteria and archaea, before those two got together as eukaryotes to produce enough energy to bloom into more complex critters. And that seems to have happened only once here in all of Earth’s 4 + billion years. Perhaps it is complex life
that is rare in the universe. Another reason to get busy taking care of our home planet.

Author of The Archives of Varok
The View Beyond Earth (Book 1.)
The Webs of Varok (Book 2.)
Nautilus Silver Award 2013 YA
ForeWord IBPA finalist 2012 adult SF
The Alien Effect (Book 3.)
An Alien’s Quest (Book 4. Released Nov.21, 2016)

Excerpts, Synopses, Reviews, On Writing, Characters and More-
Reviews of significant books- www.goodreads.com/Cary_Neeper
How the Hen House Turns- www.ladailypost.com
Complexity, Bio, Bibliography and Links- caryneeper.com
Astrobiology- astronaut.com search:Who’s Out There


Cary Neeper is an avid student of complexity theory, sustainability, steady-state economics, and the impact of cosmology on issues of science and religion. She grew up in the foothills of Hayward, California, where she helped rack dried fruit on her father’s 40-acre apricot ranch. After studying zoology/chemistry and religion at Pomona College and medical microbiology at the University of Wisconsin, she moved with her husband to northern New Mexico, where they raised their family. The Neepers still live in the Southwest with a friendly menagerie of dogs, fish, chickens, geese, ducks and a turkey called Little Bear. Cary plays string bass with local folk, symphony and jazz groups and tennis with local retired physicists. She paints landscapes in acrylics, including the cover art for her first Penscript title, The Webs of Varok. Cary's first novel and Webs of Varok prequel A Place Beyond Man was originally published in 1975 by Charles Scribner’s Sons, Dell, and Millington, London. Cary re-released A Place Beyond Man as an Author’s Guild Backinprint edition, now available from online booksellers. Its themes of sustainability and interspecies cooperation have now grown into new adventures for its human, elll and varok family as they travel the alternate 21st century Solar System in the five-volume Archives of Varok, coming from Penscript Publishing House in 2012–2014. Cary’s other works include two musical science fiction comedies “U.F.F.D.A.!” and “Petra and the Jay,” as well as newspaper and magazine articles, essays, short stories, and book reviews for The Christian Science Monitor.

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