NASA / GETTY IMAGES NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover recorded this view of the sun setting at the close of the mission’s 956th Martian day, from the rover’s location in Gale Crater, Mars.
“The colours come from the fact that the very fine dust is the right size so that blue light penetrates the atmosphere slightly more efficiently,” Curiosity team member Mark Lemmon of Texas A&M University said in a statement. “When the blue light scatters off the dust, it stays closer to the direction of the sun than light of other colours does. The rest of the sky is yellow to orange, as yellow and red light scatter all over the sky instead of being absorbed or staying close to the sun.”
When the evening is spread out against the sky . . . .”
The intensity of the sunset’s blueness is explained by the same principles at work to make a vivid Earth sunset, just with different colours. Light from a setting sun has to pass through the atmosphere on a longer path than it does at mid-day, NASA explains.
The blue colour seen in the photographs is close, but not identical, to what a human on Mars would see while taking some time out of a busy day working on Mars to watch the sun set. If anything, NASA says, the MastCam’s lens is “actually a little less sensitive to blue than people are.”
The photographs were sent home on Apr. 15, from the rover’s position in the Gale Crater. The images returned to Earth from Curiosity’s MastCam are in black and white, but contain coded information that, when decoded, reveals colour. Some, such as Damia Bouic, were able to decode the colours contained within the image on their own. NASA released its own colour image sequence on Friday.
Curiosity’s sunset sequence follows in the footsteps—or, more accurately, tire marks—of its older sibling Opportunity, which captured the sunset in 2010.