It intends to launch its mission in mid-2020.
As part of the announcement in Beijing, the authorities also launched a public competition to come up with a name and logo for the voyager.
On 16 August it launched a potentially groundbreaking quantum-enabled satellite, testing communications technology, and in early August its Jade Rabbit lunar rover shut down after 31 months exploring the Moon.
Computer-generated images released by the Chinese State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence (SASTIND) depicted the six-wheeled rover that will explore the surface of Mars, along with the probe and lander that will get it there.
It is hoped that it will be able to send back data on the red planet’s soil, atmosphere and other features, including any ice or water it finds.
Despite considerable technical hurdles – which doomed a 2011 Chinese Mars probe travelling on a Russian spacecraft – Mars is increasingly become the focusof space exploration.
China was the third country to successfully land a rover on the Moon. To date, the US is the only country to successfully land a rover on Mars, but a joint European-Russian mission is already on its way. A previous British-led attempt ended in, possibly only partial, failure.
China would, however, be the fifth country or grouping to orbit Mars, behind the US, Russia/USSR, Europe and India.